Study examines microbial composition in bat lung tissue

Announcement of a new article publication for zoonoses log. Bats are the hosts of multiple pathogens, but the microbial composition of their lung tissue remains unknown. This study investigates the species composition and genera of major airway pathogenic bacteria in bat lung tissue. A microbiota study was conducted in Hebei, Henan and Guizhou provinces of … Read more

Do previously infected people still benefit from vaccination against COVID-19?

In a recent study published in PLOS medicine, researchers determined the vaccine effectiveness (VE) of the primary vaccination course for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). They determined VE against reinfection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), COVID-19-related hospitalization and mortality. In this way, the researchers assessed the effect of time since vaccination during the … Read more

The relationship between neutralization levels and observed efficacy against asymptomatic and symptomatic infection of ten COVID-19 vaccines

In a recent study published on the medRxiv* server, researchers determined whether levels of neutralizing antibodies (NAb) were predictive of the efficacy of fractional vaccine doses against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Study: Predictive efficacy of vaccine dose fractionation using neutralizing antibody levels. Image credit: Background During the 2016 yellow fever … Read more

Can SARS-CoV-2 be inactivated by resonance caused by sound waves at the ultrasonic frequency?

In a recent study posted on the bioRxiv* preprint server, researchers conducted in vitro experiments to test the ability of different frequencies of ultrasound to inactivate severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Study: Ultrasound treatment inhibits in vitro infectivity of SARS-CoV-2. Image credit: NicoElNino/Shutterstock Background The 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in … Read more

Myocarditis after COVID vaccination is rare, but more common in younger men

In a recent study published in the Journal of the Canadian Medical Association, researchers observed the incidence of myocarditis after messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)-based vaccination against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In addition, they compared their estimates to expected rates based on the historical rates assessed before the COVID-19 vaccine rollout in British Columbia (BC), Canada. … Read more

Proteomic analysis identifies novel phenotypes associated with COVID-19 severity in circulating immune cells

In a recent study posted on the medRxiv* preprint server, researchers used proteomic analysis to identify novel immune cell phenotypes associated with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In addition, they collected cumulative dysregulation of immune cells in progressive disease. Study: Proteomic analysis of circulating immune cells identifies novel cellular phenotypes associated with COVID-19 severity. Image … Read more

Approved and development of passive and active immunizations against respiratory syncytial virus in childhood and pregnancy

In a recent study published in Journal of Pediatricsresearchers investigated active and passive childhood vaccination against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Study: Current strategies and perspectives for active and passive immunization against respiratory syncytial virus in childhood. Image credit: ART-ur/Shutterstock Background Despite the global importance of RSV infections in children, only one monoclonal antibody, Palivizumab, has … Read more

Powerful hypervalent nanoparticles against variants of HIV, Lassa and SARS-CoV-2

In a recent study published in the journal Advanced scienceresearchers developed molecularly imprinted nanoparticles (nanoMIPs) with broad-spectrum activity against deadly viruses. Study: rational development of hypervalent glycan shield-binding nanoparticles with broad-spectrum inhibition against deadly viruses, including SARS-CoV-2 variants. Image credit: Kateryna Kon/Shutterstock Viral infectious diseases pose a serious threat to humans. The recent outbreak of … Read more

successful culture of replicating SARS-CoV-2 from hospital aerosol samples after freezing

In a recent study posted on the medRxiv* preprint server, researchers demonstrated the presence of infectious severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in samples from the hospital rooms of SARS-CoV-2 infected patients. Study: Detection of infectious SARS-CoV-2 in frozen aerosol samples collected from hospital rooms of patients with COVID-19. Image credit: creativeneko/Shutterstock Background While … Read more

How gut microbes influence the immune response to SARS-CoV-2

An article published in Critical Assessments in Food Science and Nutrition journal reviews the role of the gut microbiota in shaping the host immune response to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Study: Gut microbiome and antiviral immunity in COVID-19. Image credit: Design_Cells / Shutterstock Background SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of the 2019 coronavirus … Read more